Author:
Jan Scholten
Book:
Type:
Chapter:
3-644.60.00

Rosales
Names: Rhamnales, Rosanae, Urticales.
Botany: flowers inconspicouos, reduced, unisexual; ovary of 2 carpels, unilocular, single apical ovule; pollen porate, wind pollinated, stamens 5 or less, single whorl; fruit drupaceous; cystolids of calcium carbonate.
DD: Phase 6, Sulphur; Carbon series; Silicon series; Iron series.

Taxonomy
Rosales is one of the Orders in Fabidae in the Apg3 classification, part of the Nitrogen fixing clade. The Order of the Rosales in the Apg3 classification consists of the Families Rosaceae, Rhamnaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Barbeyaceae, Dirachmaceae, Ulmaceae, Cannabaceae, Moraceae, Urticaceae. In the Cronquist classification Rosales contains 26 Families, that are spread all over the in the Apg3 classification.

In the first version of the Plant theory the Nitrogen fixing clade is in Phases 5 to 7. Rosales is in Phase 6. Elaeagnaceae is placed in Rhamnaceae. Barbeyaceae and Dirachmaceae are taken together and tentatively placed in Subphase 3.

It became clear that Rhamnaceae lack the Subphase2 quality and had a more double Phase 6 quality. Rhamnaceae is now transferred to Subphase 6.
Urticaceae is transferred to Subphase 7. There is much confirmation now of the Phase 7 quality of Urticaceae. It makes Subphase 7 broad enough, whereas before the very small Family of Cannabaceae did not have enough members for a full subphase.
The same was the case for Barbeyaceae and Dirachmaceae in Subphase 3. Both have only 1 genus. In the new version they are tentatively combined with Rhamnaceae in Subphase 6.
Rosacea, the biggest family of Rosales, is split into 3 Subfamilies which are placed in the Subphase 1, 2 and 3.

Subphases
1. Rosoideae, Subfamily of Rosaceae: here it is about love as such in the world we live in, and how to establish a family that survives.
2. Spiroideae, Subfamily of Rosaceae: the love is disrupted by by their adaptation; it gets out of balance; the feeling is that love is put under the carpet or has gone away, in extremes it can get into disputes and violence.
3. Pyroideae, Subfamily of Rosaceae: due to their pleading and adapting they give themselves away in relationships.
4. Ulmaceae: they withdraw in their solitude of study and wisdom to avoid the problems of relationships.
5. Moraceae: values and morals dominate the normal relationships, love and communication.
6. Rhamnaceae, including Elaeagnaceae, Barbeyaceae, Dirachmaceae: the sexes have so much misunderstanding and so many opposite aspects that they cannot come into harmony.
7. Urticaceae and Cannabaceae: they have withdrawn from love, seeing it as unattainable.