Author:
Jan Scholten
Book:
Type:
Chapter:
3-644.66.00

English: Buckthorn family.
French: Rhamnacees.
Botany: 50-60 genera; ± 900 species; stamens single whorl; fruit drupaceous; petals concave, enclosing anther; stamens opposite, adnate to petals; worldwide; simple leaves; stipules.
Use: ornamental; dyes, brilliant green, yellow, red, blue; gunpowder.
DD: Phase 6, Sulphur, Oxygen; Magnesium; Iron series; Anacardiaceae.

Taxonomy
Rhamnaceae is the first diverging lineage of the Rosales in the Apg3 classification.
In the Plant theory Rhamnaceae in Subphase 2. Rhamnaceae have a strong quality of Magnesium. Elaeagnaceae, Oleaster or Russian olive family.

Tribes
Tribe Ampelozizipheae: Ampelozizyphus.
Tribe Bathiorhamneae: Bathiorhamnus.
Tribe Colletieae: Adolphia, Colletia, Discaria, Kentrothamnus, Ochetophila, Retanilla, Trevoa.
Tribe Doerpfeldieae: Doerpfeldia.
Tribe Gouanieae: Alvimiantha, Crumenaria, Gouania, Helinus, Johnstonalia, Pleuranthodes, Reissekia.
Tribe Maesopsideae: Maesopsis
Tribe Paliurieae: Hovenia, Paliurus, Ziziphus
Tribe Phyliceae: Noltea, Phylica
Trichocephalus
Tribe Pomaderreae: Blackallia, Cryptandra, Papistylus, Polianthon, Pomaderris, Serichonus, Siegfriedia, Spyridium, Stenanthemum
Trymalium
Tribe Rhamneae: Auerodendron, Berchemia, Berchemiella, Condalia, Frangula, Karwinskia, Krugiodendron, Reynosia, Rhamnella, Rhamnidium, Rhamnus, Sageretia.
Tribe Ventilagineae: Smythea, Ventilago.

Incertae sedis: Alphitonia, Araracuara, Ceanothus, Chaydaia, Colubrina, Emmenosperma, Granitites, Hybosperma, Lasiodiscus, Schistocarpaea, Talguenea.

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