Author:
Jan Scholten
Book:
Type:
Chapter:
3-644.75.00

English: Cucumber family.
Botany: climbing plants, corkscrew tendrils; grow rapidly even explosively and often store water; tropics; flowers yellow; fruit pepo, leathery capsule.
Use: food; source of water; musical instruments or pitcher; sponge.
Content: aminoacid cucurbitacine.
DD: Magnesium, Beryllium.

Taxonomy
Cucurbitaceae is the main family in the Order Cucurbitales.
In the Plant theory it is placed in Subphase 5.

Taxonomy
Subfamily Zanonioideae (small striate pollen grains)
Tribe Zanonieae
Subtribe Fevilleinae: Fevillea
Subtribe Zanoniinae: Alsomitra Gerrardanthus Neoalsomitra Siolmatra Xerosicyos Zanonia Zygosicyos
Subtribe Gomphogyninae: Hemsleya Gomphogyne Gynostemma
Subtribe Actinostemmatinae: Actinostemma Bolbostemma
Subtribe Sicydiinae: Chalema Cyclantheropsis Sicydium Pseudosicydium Pteropepon

Subfamily Cucurbitoideae (styles united into a single column)
Tribe Melothrieae
Subtribe Dendrosicyinae: Kedrostis Dendrosicyos Corallocarpus Ibervillea Tumamoca Halosicyos Ceratosanthes Doyerea Trochomeriopsis Seyrigia Dieterlea Cucurbitella Apodanthera Guraniopsis Melothrianthus Wilbrandia
Subtribe Guraniinae: Helmontia Psiguria Gurania
Subtribe Cucumerinae: Cucumella Cucumeropsis Cucumis Dicaelospermum Melancium Melothria Muellarargia (including: Mukia, , Oreosyce, and Myrmecosicyos Posadaea Zehneria[5]).
Subtribe Trochomeriinae: Ctenolepis Dactyliandra Solena Trochomeria
Tribe Schizopeponeae: Schizopepon
Tribe Joliffieae
Subtribe Thladianthinae: Indofevillea Momordica Siraitia Thladiantha
Subtribe Telfairiinae: Telfairia
Tribe Trichosantheae
Subtribe Hodgsoniinae: Hodgsonia
Subtribe Ampelosicyinae: Ampelosicyos Peponium
Subtribe Trichosanthinae: Gymnopetalum Trichosanthes Tricyclandra
Subtribe Herpetosperminae: Cephalopentandra Biswarea Herpetospermum Edgaria
Tribe Benincaseae
Subtribe Benincasinae: Cogniauxia Ruthalicia Lagenaria Benincasa Praecitrullus Citrullus Acanthosicyos Eureiandra Bambekea Nothoalsomitra Coccinia Diplocyclos Raphidiocystis Lemurosicyos Zombitsia Ecballium Bryonia
Subtribe Luffinae: Luffa
Tribe Cucurbiteae (pantoporate, spiny pollen): Cucurbita Sicana Tecunumania Calycophysum Peponopsis Anacaona Polyclathra Schizocarpum Penelopeia Cionosicyos Cayaponia Selysia Abobra
Tribe Sicyeae (trichomatous nectary, four- to 10-colporate pollen grains)
Subtribe Cyclantherinae: Hanburia Echinopepon Marah Echinocystis Vaseyanthus Brandegea Apatzingania Cremastopus Elateriopsis Pseudocyclanthera Cyclanthera Rytidostylis
Subtribe Sicyinae: Sicyos Sicyosperma Parasicyos Microsechium Sechium Sechiopsis Pterosicyos
incertae sedis: Odosicyos

Genera: Abobra Acanthosicyos Actinostemma Alsomitra Ampelosycios Anacaona Apatzingania Apodanthera Bambekea Benincasa Biswarea Bolbostemma Brandegea Bryonia Calycophysum Cayaponia Cephalopentandra Ceratosanthes Chalema Cionosicyos Citrullus Coccinia Cogniauxia Corallocarpus Cremastopus Ctenolepis Cucumella Cucumeropsis Cucumis Cucurbita Cucurbitella Cyclanthera Dactyliandra Dendrosicyos Dicaelospermum Dieterlea Diplocyclos Doyerea Ecballium Echinocystis Echinopepon Edgaria Elateriopsis Eureiandra Fevillea Gerrardanthus Gomphogyne Gurania Guraniopsis Gymnopetalum Gynostemma Halosicyos Hanburia Helmontia Hemsleya Herpetospermum Hodgsonia Ibervillea Indofevillea Kedrostis Lagenaria Lemurosicyos Luffa Marah Melancium Melothria Melothrianthus Microsechium Momordica Muellerargia Mukia Myrmecosicyos Neoalsomitra Nothoalsomitra Odosicyos Oreosyce Parasicyos Penelopeia Peponium Peponopsis Polyclathra Posadaea Praecitrullus Pseudocyclanthera Pseudosicydium Psiguria Pteropepon Pterosicyos Raphidiocystis Ruthalicia Rytidostylis Schizocarpum Schizopepon Sechiopsis Sechium Selysia Seyrigia Sicana Sicydium Sicyos Sicyosperma Siolmatra Siraitia Solena Tecunumania Telfairia Thladiantha Trichosanthes Tricyclandra Trochomeria Trochomeriopsis Tumacoca Vaseyanthus Wilbrandia Xerosicyos Zanonia Zehneria Zombitsia Zygosicyos.