Author:
Jan Scholten
Book:
Type:
Chapter:
3-644.27.00

Chrysobalanaceae
English: Coco plum family
Botany: 18 genera: ± 530 species; trees, shrubs; leptocaul; tropical, subtropical; Americas; silica bodies.
Balanopaceae: 1 genus, Balanops.
Dichapetalaceae: 3 genera: Dichapetalum, Stephanopodium, Tapura; ± 165 species; trees, shrubs or lianas; tropical, subtropical.
Euphroniaceae: 1 genus, Euphronia.
Trigoniaceae: 4 genera: Humbertiodendron, Trigonia, Trigoniastrum, Trigoniodendron; 28 species; tropical; Madagascar, Southeast Asia, Central and South America.

Taxonomy
Chrysobalanaceae was formerly placed as a subfamily of Rosaceae, as a family in Rosales, exceptionally as an order in Myrtiflorae, branched with Elaeagnaceae as sister group of Polygalaceae.
In the Apg3 classification with molecular cladistic analysis it iswas in Malpighiales.
Dichapetalaceae, Euphroniaceae, Trigoniaceae are included in a more extended Chrysobalanaceae family in the Apg3 classification.
In the Plant theory Chrysobalanaceae is treated in the same way. Balanopaceae is also included in Chrysobalanaceae. Chrysobalanaceae is placed in Subphase 7.

Region: Amazon; some of the species contain silica in their bodies for rigidity and so the mesophyll often has sclerenchymatous idioblasts. The widespread species Chrysobalanus icaco produces a plum-like fruit and the plant is commonly known as the coco plum.